Drug Glossary and Definition

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Pharmacist's Guide

Table of Contents

Drug Glossary - N

Narcotics A group of habit-forming, addicting drugs used for treatment of pain, diarrhea, cough, acute pulmonary edema and others. Most are derived from opium, a milky exudate in capsules of papaver somniferum. Law requires licensed physicians to dispense by prescription. These drugs include alfentanil, buprenorphine, butorphanol, codeine, fentanyl, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, levorphanol, meperidine, methadone, morphine, nalbuphine, opium, oxycodone, oxymorphone, paregoric, pentazocine, propoxyphene, sufentanil.
Nephrotoxics Under some circumstances, these medicines can be toxic to the kidneys. These medicines include acetaminophen (in high doses); acyclovir (injection of); aminoglycosides; amphotericin B (given internally); analgesic combinations containing acetaminophen and aspirin or other salicylates (with chronic high-dose use); anti-inflammatory analgesics (nonsteroidal); azapropazan; bacitracin (injection of); bezafibrate; capreomycin; carmustine; chlorpropamide; cidofovir; cimetidine; ciprofloxacin; cisplatin; colchicine; cox 2 inhibitors; cyclosporine; deferoxamine (long-term use); diclofenac; edetate calcium disodium (with high doses); edetate disodium (with high dose); fenofibrate; foscarnet; gentamycin; gold compounds; ifosfamide; imipenem; ketoconazole; lithium; mephalan; methicillin, methotrexate (with high dose therapy); methoxyflurane; nafcillin; neomycin (oral); pamidronate; penicillamine; pentamidine; pentostatin, phenacetin; plicamycin; polymyxins (injection of); radiopaques (materials used for special x-ray examinations); rifampin; streptozocin; sulfonamides; sulindac; tacrolimus; tetracyclines (except doxycycline and minocycline); tiopronin; tobramycin; tretinoin; trimethoprim; vancomycin (injection of).
Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome Ceaseless involuntary, jerky movements of the tongue, facial muscles and hands.
Neuromuscular Blocking Agents A group of drugs prescribed to relax skeletal muscles. They are all given by injection, and descriptions are not included in this book. These drugs include atracurium, edrophonium, gallamine, neostigmine, metocurine, pancuronium, pyridostigmine, succinylcholine, tubocurarine, vecuronium.
Neurotoxic Medications Medicines that cause toxicity to the nerve tissues in the body. These drugs include alcohol (chronic use), allopurinol, altretamine, amantadine; amiodarone; anticonvulsants (hydantoin), capreomycin, carbamazepine, carboplatin, chloramphenicol (oral), chloroquine, cilastatin, ciprofloxacin, cisplatin, cycloserine, cyclosporine, cytarabine, didanosine, disulfiram, docetaxel, ethambutol, ethionamide, fludarabine, hydroxychloroquine, imipenem, interferon, isoniazid, lincomycins, lindane (topical), lithium, meperidine, methotrexate, metronidazole, mexiletine, nitrofurantoin, oxcarbazepine, paclitaxel, pemoline, pentostatin, pyridoxine (large amounts), quinacrine, quinidine, quinine, stavudine, tacrolimus, tetracyclines, thalidomide, vinblastine, vincristine, vindesine, zalcitabine.
Nitrates Medicines made from a chemical with a nitrogen base. Nitrates include erythrityl tetranitrate, isosorbide dinitrate, nitroglycerin, pentaerythritol tetranitrate.
Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) See Anti-Inflammatory Drugs, Nonsteroidal.
Nutritional Supplements Substances used to treat and prevent deficiencies when the body is unable to absorb them by eating a well-balanced, nutritional diet. These supplements include: Vitamins- ascorbic acid, ascorbic acid and sodium ascorbate, calcifediol, calcitriol, calcium pantothenate, cyanocobalamin, dihydrotachysterol, ergocalciferol, folate sodium, folic acid, hydroxocobalamin, niacin, niacinamide, pantothenic, pyridoxine, riboflavin, sodium ascorbate, thiamine, vitamin A, vitamin E. Minerals-calcium carbonate, calcium citrate, calcium glubionate, calcium gluconate, calcium lactate, calcium phosphate (dibasic and tribasic), sodium fluoride. Other-levocarnitine, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids.

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